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Descriptive: Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a military struggle fought in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975.
It began as a determined attempt by Communist guerrillas (Vietcong) in the South,
backed by Communist North Vietnam, to overthrow the government of South Vietnam.
The struggle widened into a ward between South Vietnam and North Vietnam and
ultimately into a limited international conflict. The United States and some other
countries supported South Vietnam by supplying troops and munitions, and the USSR
and the People’s Republic of China furnished munitions to North Vietnam and the
Vietcong. On both sides, however, the burden of the war fell mainly on the civilians.
The war also engulfed Laos, where the Communist Pathet Lao fought government
from 1965 to 1973 and succeeded in abolishing the monarchy in 1975, and Cambodia,
where the government surrendered in 1973 to the Communist Khmer Rouge.
The position taken by Diem won the backing of the U. S. The government in
Hanoi, however, indicated its determination to renunify the nation under Hanoi. The
truce arranged at Geneva began to crumble and by January 1957, the International
Control Commission set up to implement the Geneva accords was reporting armistice
violations by both North and South Vietnam. Throughout the rest of the year, Comunist
sympathizers who had gone north after partition began returning south in increasing
numbers. The Vietcong’s began launching attacks on U. S. military installations that had